Tuesday, June 9, 2020

Allegory in Sir Gawain and the Green Knight - Literature Essay Samples

The whole things is allegorical from start to end, yet he never takes you by the neck and says Get down to it, thats an allegory, youve got to interpret it, the way most allegorists do. (Basil Bunting on Poetry, p.15.)The poem however does not take any line or lead readers to any simple value judgments. Rather it draws readers into active response to the story and prompts them to attempts to weigh up issues for themselves. J. J. Anderson, Introduction to Sir Gawain and the Green Knight (Everyman 1996), p. xxiThe contradicting views on allegory and its starkness in Sir Gawain and the Green Knight immediately present the problem of the copious different meanings, suggestions and nuances of word allegorical. In its simplest form, an allegory is a narrative constructed of representations of concepts, where events and people become metaphorical. Multi-layering combines with the fine line between allegorical, tropological and anagogical to mean that in using the word allegorical one mu st be careful not to reduce and over-simplify a complex and rich work such as Sir Gawain and the Green Knight. The Gawain-poet does, as Bunting observes, use allegory (including metaphor and symbolism), but he actually uses it to [draw] readers into active response to the story (Anderson). Part of the richness of Sir Gawain and the Green Knight lies in the variety of possibilities the author offers for interpretation. He clearly signifies the allegorical implication and meaning in the poem, but due to the multitude of alternative interpretations never pins the reader down in the simplistic way Bunting seems to imply. The blatancy with which examples of allegory hit the reader impresses upon him the requirement to interpret them, and thus the prompts the reader to weigh up issues for themselves (Anderson).It would therefore be wholly simplistic to suggest that Sir Gawain and the Green Knight is merely an allegory of the life of the Christian man; however on inspection it is clear that the poem is full of Christian symbolism. The poems structure clearly points to the interpretation of Gawains journey as the quest that every man must undertake throughout his lifetime, ultimately heading towards judgment by God. This allegorical interpretation seems to cast the Green Knight as God, or even Christ Himself, as he sets Gawain on the adventure in order to tempt and test him in his search for the Divine. He begins in a mode that the poet highlights as very penitential, as if preparing himself spiritually. By setting the departure at Advent, the author signifies this penitential theme as not only was it a cold, bare, wintry season, but it was also a time of fasting in preparation for Christmas. As Gawain travels, the poet uses vocabulary with penitential connotations such as alone, showing how companionless he is, and Ner slayn with the slete he sleped in his yrnes; the vicious, icy weather allegorizing the mortification of the flesh. He cryed for his mysdede , and his piteous weeping for his sins again emphasizes the penitence. The journey is long and arduous, just as the Christian life is, and at line 544 the poet calls it a passage, the standard contemporary word for an armed penitential pilgrimage undertaken on behalf of Christ (or of St Peter). Gawains journey is very like a pilgrimage in the way he finishes it at a chapel, where he is confronted with his faults (in this case cowardice and lack of courtesy) admits them in a sort of confession, repents and is absolved by the Green Knight. His mortification, yearning to be clene and the various other examples of vocabulary associated with confession and repentance, such as penaunce and remorde leave the reader in no doubt that this is a Christian allegory that they should interpret. Furthermore, the date of the absolution of Gawain by the Green Knight lends another allegorical significance to the poem, as it occurs on New Years Day; the Day of the Circumcision. Just as the prom ise of a New Covenant of power to hear confession, impose penance and absolve was sealed with Christs circumcision, so is it when Gawain is absolved, also through the spilling on blood. The physical symbols of the wearing of the girdle as a sign so that in syngne of my surfet I schal se hit ofte and the everlasting scar, a token of untrawthe (trawthe being a central theme as it is his trawthe that Gawain fails) remind not only Gawain but also that reader of the meaning and reason of his journey. This, of course, is set out with what is perhaps the poets greatest achievement. The anti-climax he achieves in his presentation of the beheading game pertinently shows how the game is a symbolic representation of the test that Gawain has already undertaken and failed. What had seemed to be simply a progressive interlude at Hautdesert was actually the main subject of the poem, and the crucial test was actually at the castle not at the chapel. The three kisses, three days spent at Berti laks castle, and the three blows of the axe are beautifully mirrored to show the insignificance of the actual beheading, and with the ambiguity imbued in Bertilaks unveiling (he seems to slide from the Green Knight into Bertilak without notice) the reader is slowly drawn to realize that the test was not physical at all, but moral, and an internal allegory for Gawain as well as us.Similarly, but to different ends, internal allegory abounds in both Pearl and Patience in order to teach the characters themselves a lesson. Whilst Gawain and the reader revise their understanding of the Green Knight as an internal allegory, as well as the girdle to remind him of his sin, Jonah must see the Woodbine as an allegory of Ninevah in order to realize Gods heart. Patience is a lesson of exactly that; patience which may be unpleasant but despite this is noble. The poet clearly points the reader to this allegory using a number of methods most obviously interpreting the allegory himself for the reader in the final line: pacience is a nobel point, thagh hit displese ofte. Secondly, he chooses to manipulate and exploits Biblical allegorical exegesis, by choosing the unusual example of Jonah to allegorize patience (the more usual would be Job) and also drawing on the popular Medieval allegorical reading of the story of Jonah. The typology of Jonah pre-shadowing Christ (see Matthew 12:40) points again to the Gawain-poets use of Christian allegory as readers are directed to the patience and longsuffering of Jesus not only on the cross but also as we continue to sin. Likewise, in Pearl, the speaker can only reconcile the loss of his pearl by a painful education in symbolism. Like Gawain, he is required to go on a journey, although a much more obviously metaphorically moral one, towards the New Jerusalem. Pearl is clearly allegorical throughout, and, as in Sir Gawain and the Green Knight, much contentious debate surrounds the subject of where the true allegorical significanc e lies. However, this is precisely where we can see that the Gawain-poet is different to most allegorists, as Bunting would call those who allegorize obtusely and simply. When Pearl first started being studied, in the late Nineteenth Century, the general interpretative assumption was that it was an autobiographical elegy. Clearly, literary criticism has progressed from this sort of naivetÃÆ'Â ©, since we do not even know the poets name, let alone what his life was like and whether it corresponded with anything he wrote in Pearl! However, it actually does not matter whether it is autobiographical or not, since the issue of real importance is how and how effectively the experience in transformed into literature. Instead, the common view is that it is an allegory and the pearl and the Pearl Maiden (themselves an internal allegory) represent a quality or abstraction, which the narrator has lost. M. R. Stern argues that the Pearl Poet quite consciously intended to make his poem o ne huge typological metaphor of orthodox Christian behaviour . Clearly, this supports the view concerning the Gawain-poets preoccupation with Christian allegory, although narrows the argument so much that it fails to take into account the copious other interpretations of the allegory, so multitudinous that space prevents explanation of them here. As the meanings of the pearl are gradually revealed, the speaker gradually comes to a place where he has learnt to place himself in Gods judgment. Allegory in Pearl, just as in the other poems, is difficult to pin down the abundance of possibilities for the allegorical puzzle the reader and yet there is no concealed meaning intended. The author is certainly able to place these two initially apparent opposite realities alongside each other; the poems message is an instructive one, whatever it might be!Similarly, many alternative interpretations are offered in Sir Gawain and the Green Knight. Despite the obvious Christian allegorical re ferences, Sir Gawain and the Green Knight remain shrouded in a mystery orchestrated by the poet in order to draw the reader in further. The poets notable failure to create the Green Knight as a consistently understandable character (right up even until the end where his double identity is revealed) means that he is not openly symbolic like the Pentangle. Indeed, many different suggestions for the allegorical meaning of the Green Knight have been proposed. He dramatically intrudes on the feasting at Camelot, his startling appearance and particularly his dazzling colors introducing the court and the reader to the poets most mysterious allegory. The poets meticulous manicuring of the finest detail of the Green Knight draws attention to the ferocity and rudeness surrounding his actions: The renk on his rouncÃÆ'Â © hym ruched in his sadel, And runischly his rede yen he reled aboute. This violent intrusion is not controlled by the festivitys orderly restraint (exemplified by the aut hors careful inclusion of the table fellowship of each member of the court sitting in their rightful place as befitted their order). Here, the poet seems to be implying the dark side of the Green Knight, leading some critics to believe he is an allegory for Satan. However, his color also suggests vitality, newness of life and verdure has long been associated with abundance; these associations point once again to the allegory of Christ embodied in the Green Knight (although it must be noted that green also has links with the diabolical). This feeling of unease surrounding the Green Knight and his identity and motivation does not, however, prevent the reader from detecting an allegorical style and trying to interpret it; in fact it contributes to the authors allegorical meaning behind Gawains quest.The point that the allegorical significance of these poems is clearly highlighted to the reader to interpret is emphasized further by the fact that in Pearl, the Maiden actually expounds a piece of Scriptural allegory, the Parable of the Vineyard, elaborating on its literal meaning and then interpreting its allegorical meaning for the speaker and reader (lines 613 632). She explains the symbolism of the last-hired men, of the coming into the vineyard and of nightfall to the point at which we are given so much literal information it is clear and easy to deduce the rest of the allegorical meaning. Similarly, she explains the distinction between the New Jerusalems of course partly for the rather unintelligent speaker, but it is unlikely that the poet would waste the readers time if the explanation was not for a purpose; i.e. to lead him to the correct allegorical meaning. However, despite the poems allegorical nature being clearly highlighted to the reader, Spearing says it seems improbably that Pearl is an allegory in the sense of containing some systematic concealed meaning and this certainly seems true. The allegory contained in Pearl is not one that must b e dug for, apart from the sifting through of other allegorical possibilities. Instead, the poet wanted the reader to accept the speaker himself as having lost innocence (or whatever allegory is found) and thus the story itself shows us the consequences of this.Thus All four poems insist on allegorical, symbolic or analogical understanding. They encourage their readers and their characters thus to interpret the inner meaning of their experience. The fact that the poems are allegorical is highlighted, and this in itself would prompt the reader to attempt interpretation, although it is true that this is done somewhat gradually throughout the poems. Whilst there are numerous different interpretations offered, in agreement with Chris Page, it should be suggested that Sir Gawain and the Green Knight and the other two poems do not have a separate allegorical level, stubbornly resisting the urge of some critics to reduce it to a simple formula of simple value judgments (Anderson).

Tuesday, May 26, 2020

What Everybody Dislikes About Diversity Statement Samples Law School Essay Examples Powerscore and Why

What Everybody Dislikes About Diversity Statement Samples Law School Essay Examples Powerscore and Why Who Else Wants to Learn About Diversity Statement Samples Law School Essay Examples Powerscore? I learned how to truly feel comfortable in uncomfortable conditions. This is what admissions officers wish to observe when they read things in this way. If you're feeling confident about what is great practice, you will have the ability to deal more effectively with incidents that spring up. Accentuate any character traits which you feel you've built via the adversity and use examples of skills that you currently possess as a consequence of these trials. Key Pieces of Diversity Statement Samples Law School Essay Examples Powerscore This essay offers you the chance to share a new and different facet of your character or background with the admission committee at every school of your pick. By writing a strong piece about your own personal diverse qualities, you will be able to de monstrate the admissions committee that you will make an outstanding add-on to a dynamic and powerful incoming class. Many non-traditional candidates could possibly be thinking of their law degree for a resume-enhancer, or to supplement as opposed to replace their current career. In the event the answer is no, then you may want to rethink your choice in profession. Meaning, you'll need to talk about your private background and the way this has affected you. Diversity statements aren't mandatory. They are a relatively new addition to the job application packet. Whispered Diversity Statement Samples Law School Essay Examples Powerscore Secrets Big businesses and Universities are always watching for young and talented folks. People started to stare at me. Moreover, medical schools already know about all the programs and resources they supply, which means you wouldn't be providing much value via your writing. Needless to say, it's true that lots of faculty members overtly reject campus efforts to increase diversity and equity. However, it's also a fact that search committee members who don't care about diversity do not read diversity statements. Additionally, it provides some changes about which schools will need to be aware. The Unexpected Truth About Diversity Statement Samples Law School Essay Examples Powerscore It's not merely fingers or memorization. Your sentence structure is a bit too unwieldy. You've just one first sentence to acquire the reader interested in YOU. Namely, a number of your lengthier multi-compound sentences could stand to get broken down into a few sentences. Personal Statement is going to do just fine. Law School Expert can help you figure out whether it would help you to compose this essay and the way to approach it. Faculty jobs can be challenging. If admitted, I aspire to take part in the Social Justice Program. You can decide to focus on whatever you feel explains your distinct circumstance and gives more context for your application. However, it answers the question more directly to get started with why you wish to go there and then explain why you wish to go there with a bit about why they ought to would like you to go there. I was nervous regarding the approach. Please attach your resume within this section. Most Noticeable Diversity Statement Samples Law School Essay Examples Powerscore For instance, if a school focuses a whole lot on community service and you've got similar experiences, mention that. Do not be worried if you don't have any legal experience yet. A young child is not going to be excluded directly, but will be not able to participate due to their private situation. Do not consist of high school.

Sunday, May 17, 2020

Essay about William Blake’s Poetry - 1541 Words

William Blake’s Poetry William Blake was one of those 19th century figures who could have and should have been beatniks, along with Rimbaud, Verlaine, Manet, Cezanne and Whitman. He began his career as an engraver and artist, and was an apprentice to the highly original Romantic painter Henry Fuseli. In his own time he was valued as an artist, and created a set of watercolor illustrations for the Book of Job that were so wildly but subtly colored they would have looked perfectly at home in next months issue of Wired. He lived in a filthy London studio where he succumbed to constant visions of angels and prophets who instructed him in his work. He once painted while recieving a vision of Voltaire, and when asked later whether†¦show more content†¦His philosophy of Christianity was considered blasphemous, but he was never charged with such a crime. However, he did express his critical opinions of the Church in both essay and poetic form. To understand what is being said in such poems as THE GARDEN OF LOVE and The Little Vagabond one must consider the poets religious, or shall I say spiritual, position. William Blake considered himself to be a monistic Gnostic. That is, he believed what saved a persons soul was not faith but knowledge. Faith, he felt, was a term that was abused by those who thought spending every Sunday in a church would grant them eternal salvation regardless of what actions they exhibited outside the walls of the church. Church ceremonies were also dry, emotionless and meaningless, according to Blake. Church was evil, as Blake would have put it. Knowledge was cherished by Blake. He argued that through knowledge one can truly understand Christ, and when this understanding is reached one can then begin to become Christ. Christ was the pinnacle of what a human should strive to be. God and Christ were placed on the same level, and God was not a clockmaker or some supreme being placed outside of human capacity; rather, Blake argued that God is something that resides in all of humanity. Blake coined this Divine Humanity, the potential for all humanity to come full circle and be humanly divine; this is possible because God and Jesus are both living inside of us fromShow MoreRelatedWilliam Blakes Poetry1285 Words   |  6 PagesWilliam Blake was a powerful poet in the Romantic era. During this era, there was a cultural shift that caused many changes such as natural word influences, breakaway from rules, individualism, and social changes. These changes caused people to break away from traditional norms and focus on imagination and c ulture change. Poets during this era were the center of the movement. They concentrated their work on Imagination to create new ideas, emotions of the individual, and the influence of nature (â€Å"William†)Read More The Complexity of William Blakes Poetry Essay1049 Words   |  5 PagesThe Complexity of William Blakes Poetry Northrop Frye, in his critical essay, Poetry and Design, states; In a world as specialized as ours, concentration on one gift and a rigorous subordination of all others is practically a moral principle (Frye 137). William Blakes refusal to follow this moral principle by putting his poetry before his art, or vice versa, makes his work extraordinary as well as complex and ambiguous. Although critics attempt to juggle Blakes equally impressive talentsRead MoreSociological Criticism of William Blake’s Poetry Essay1506 Words   |  7 Pagesinequality. William Blake, a Romantic poet, frequently wrote on the topic of class oppression and his opposition to the exploitation of the proletariat by the capitalists. Blake’s ideology and preference towards an equalitarian society quite closely mirror the theories of Karl Marx. Analyzing Blake’s poetry from a Marxist perspective paints a clearer picture of the motives behind Blake’s anger towards social inequality. Poe ms such as â€Å"The Chimney Sweeper† and â€Å"London† from his poetry collectionsRead MoreOrganized Religion Versus Sprituality in William Blakes Poetry990 Words   |  4 PagesWilliam Blake was a poet and artist who was born in London, England in 1757. He lived 69 years, and although his work went largely unnoticed during his lifetime, he is now considered a prominent English Romantic poet. Blake’s religious views, and his philosophy that â€Å"man is god†, ran against the religious thoughts at the time, and some might equate Blake’s views to those of the hippie movement of the 20th century. In â€Å"The Garden of Love†, the conflict between organized religion and individual thoughtRead MoreEssay about William Blake ´s Pity based on Shakespeare ´s Macbeth816 Words   |  4 Pages William Blakes colour print painting filled with watercolors and ink is known as Pity, it is one of a large group of paintings known as Large Colour Prints. In Pity, a woman lying on the ground appears to be deceased, while two figures riding horses fly above her with a young baby in hand. This painting was completed in 1795, but the painting relates more to the characteristics of renaissance style drawing. Sense the woman figure lying down does not appear in Macbeth’s simile on Pity, the womanRead MoreIndustrialized Society in Romantic Poetry: William Blakes The Chimney Sweeper1253 Words   |  6 Pagessimultaneously. This movement as defined by one of its creators William Wordsworth was, in the preface of their collaborated work Lyrical Ballads with Samuel Coleridge, â€Å"the spontaneous overflow of powerful feelings: it takes its origin from emotion recollected in tranquillity.(Wordsworth 1) Although the definition matched with the psychological and literary situation of the era, a couple romantic authors existed outside of the definition. William Blake was different and defined as pre-romantic author byRead MoreThe Innocence of Lamb in Songs of Innocence by William Blake615 Words   |  3 PagesSongs of Innocence by William Blake collocates the naà ¯ve lives of children and loss of innocence of adults, with moral Christian values and how religion has the capacity to promote cruelty and prejudice. Blake was born in 1757, up to and after the French Revolution he wrote many works criticizing enlightened rationalism and instead focused on intellectual ideas that avoided institutionalization and propelled ethical and moral order. Blake’s collection of poem exposes and explores the values and limitationsRead MoreWilliam Blake s Songs Of Innocence And Experience1268 Words   |  6 PagesWilliam Blake’s Songs of Innocence and Experience, printed in 1794, â€Å"represents the world as it is envisioned by what he calls ‘two contrary states of the human soul’† (Greenblatt, 1452). This collection of poetry is accompanied by pictures, which create a mutually reliant relationship that allows for complete understanding of Blake’s works. â€Å"To read a Blake poem without the pictures is to miss something important: that relationship is an aspect of the poem’s argument† (1452). Overall, Blake’s worksRead More Children in Blake’s Poetry Essay1167 Words   |  5 PagesChildren in Blake’s Poetry The use of children is a prominent theme in a number of William Blake’s poems. It is apparent in reading such poems as, â€Å"The Lamb,† â€Å"The Little Black Boy,† and â€Å"The Chimney Sweeper,† that Blake sees the world through the eyes of a child and embraces the innocence of the young. Blake’s poem â€Å"The Lamb,† from Songs of Innocence really illustrates the innocence and purity of a young child. The persona in the poem is of a young child. The child questionsRead More Coexistence of Contrary States in Blake’s The Tyger Essay1883 Words   |  8 PagesCoexistence of Contrary States in Blake’s The Tyger Since the two hundred years that William Blake has composed his seminal poem The Tyger, critics and readers alike have attempted to interpret its burning question - Did he who made the Lamb make thee? Perhaps best embodying the spirit of Blake’s Songs of Experience, the tiger is the poetic counterpart to the Lamb of Innocence from Blake’s previous work, Songs of Innocence. Manifest in The Tyger is the key to understanding its identity

Friday, May 15, 2020

Essay about Three Main Approaches to Public Administration

The three approaches to public administration are political, managerial, and legal. In the political approach, political authority is divided between a central government and the provincial or state governments. This means that some provinces or states are accorded a substantial measure of constitutional or legal sovereignty, although they still remain subordinates of the central government in certain constitutional or legal respects. The political approach promotes the political values of military strength, economic development, union, and representation. In addition, it is characterized by three central features: state sovereignty, bicameralism, and multiple layers of representation. State sovereignty means that the states would†¦show more content†¦One of the advantages of the managerial approach is that it enables the government to adapt to regional or local conditions, especially given that the various regions in a large nation such as the United States would likely have different physical characteristics in terms of their hydrology, topography, and climate. In addition, a managerial or decentralized approach enables the government to keep its span of control manageable, that is, the number of subordinates that report to an administrative official is reduced. In turn, this enables an administrative official to more effectively supervise their subordinates. Even with a decentralized approach, it may still be possible to implement national guidelines to local conditions. In sum, the managerial approach promotes the managerial values of economy, efficiency, responsiveness to clients and customers, and administrative effectiveness. Finally, the legal approach ensures that the entire nation is integrated or kept together by the constitutional law despite the decentralization of administrative authority, which enables different states and administrative units to impose different laws. In particular, it is possible for the autonomy of the various administrative units to impede national economic development and to lead to the violation of individual rights and standards of decency. In this regard, theShow MoreRelatedEssay on Approaches to Public Administration840 Words   |  4 Pages| Approaches to Public Administration | | | Reuby Benson | 3/18/2012 | | There are different approaches to running a government. There are those that believe that the government should be run like a private business. Then there are those that believe in representativeness and the separation of powers that rest in the government to properly operate the government. There are also those who believe that the government should adhere to the strictest letter of the law. I look to describeRead MorePublic Sector Organizational Theory ( Postmodernism )1630 Words   |  7 PagesPublic Sector Organizational Theory Introduction This essay compares and contrasts the â€Å"Classical† and â€Å"Human Relations† approaches to management. It focuses on how these approaches are similar and compatible and looks at their differences and incompatibilities. It then explores how systems theory and contingency theory can reconcile the incompatibilities between the approaches. 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All of these management ideas are linked to different academics. `The scientific management was developed by Frederick Winslow Taylor (1856-1915); the AmericanRead MoreDecentralization Of Public Administration : Contemporary And Developing Nations1229 Words   |  5 Pages Decentralization in Public Administration: Contemporary Efficacy in Fiscal Affairs Lenna Sliney University of North Carolina at Pembroke Decentralization in Public Administration: Contemporary Efficacy in Fiscal Affairs Decentralization is a systems theory approach, but there is division in existing scholarship on a generalized operating definition and the causality or correlation with economic development, resulting in myriad conclusions on its efficacy and necessities for successful implementationRead MoreThe Impact Of Leadership Style And Organizational Environment On Public Administration Essay1400 Words   |  6 PagesOrganizational Environment on Public Administration This paper analyzes the evolution of the field of public administration based on nine theorists’ perspectives on leadership style and organizational structure. It has three parts. The first part compares the nine theorists’ ideas using an organizational framework with special attention to the type of leadership and the environment of the organization. The second part discusses a comprehensive definition of the field of public administration. The third part offersRead MorePerformance Based Budgeting As The Reformative Approach For Developing Countries Essay1263 Words   |  6 Pagestheir administration because of its efficiency and accountability natures. Problem Description Issues that are most common in developing countries are the inefficiency of the government to cater the economic needs and the corruption happening in the administration (Shah, 2007). It is hoped that through out this paper, we are able to demonstrate how performance based budgeting could be the reformative approach towards development for developing countries. Background There are three budgetaryRead MoreCloud Computing, Authentication Protocol, Privacy Preservation, Shared Authority, Universal Composability Essay1673 Words   |  7 Pagesinnovation or data innovation construction modeling utilized by association or people. It dispatches information stockpiling and intelligent worldview with a few points of interest such as on-interest self-administrations, universal system access. Because of prevalence of cloud administrations, security and protection gets to be significant issue. There is the issue of honest to goodness obligation regarding data (If a customer stores some data in the cloud, can the cloud supplier advantage fromRead MoreDifferent Organizational Theories That Can Be Applied On Public Administration970 Words   |  4 Pages†¢ Outcome: I have learned about different organizational theories that can be applied in public administration. I can name representatives and main ideas of the classical, the behavioral, the administration as politics approaches and describe key points of postmodernism, poststructuralism. I think this fundamental knowledge is very helpful for further study and for practical application. Application: †¨ †¢ LO: I will learn to apply organizational theory in the practical activity of nonprofit organizationsRead MoreSustainability And The On Sustainability1016 Words   |  5 Pageshours, sustainability has become a part of our everyday lives or in business sector. There are some laws and policy that every business administration must follow the triple tail course also known as sustainability account. In triple bottom line, every brass must stress on three P’s namely profit / economy, people /society and satellite /environment. First main objective of an establishment is to generate yield for shareholders i.e. profit. The second is society in which organisation do somethingRead MoreStudy Of Public Policy Making And Discuss And Explain The Policy Categories Listed Below1652 Words   |  7 Pagesprovide definitions of the following theoretical approaches to the study of public policy making and discuss and explain the policy categories listed below. You must cite an example for each of the policy category types. A. Policy Theoretical Approaches: †¢ Group theory- public policy is the product of the group struggle. Some public policies are born out of group struggle. When a group seeks government intervention it becomes an interest group. The main requirement is for the group to have access

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Racial Profiling Is Wrong Or Wrong - 1826 Words

Racial profiling has been a touchy subject for United States citizens. Racial profiling has been around for quite some time in America and it more than often benefits the majority population (white America). More recently, the controversial topic has been brought to light. The debate over Racial Profiling topic is whether or not racial profiling is wrong or right. Multiple opinions from notable sources have been debating over this topic for decades. Some sources give reasons and examples in order to debunk the idea that racial profiling is necessary for police officers to do their jobs, as well as for normal citizens to form an opinion of fellow United States citizens and immigrants. While other sources give reasons to support racial†¦show more content†¦The article mentions that there is a phone number that Black Americans can use, if they feel as though they are being targeted because of their race. Driving While Black (DWB) claims should be brought up to ACLU’s 1-8 77-6-PROFILE. While there are many claims that racial profiling is in fact a good thing for the community, others strongly oppose the stance that racial profiling is ever justifiable. In regards to the black population of The United States of America, there are multiple accounts of racial profiling gone wrong. This can be seen in the Black Lives Matter Movement. More and more coverage of unlawful treatment of Black Americans is being shown on National News Networks for the entire world to see. The fact that there is a Black Lives Matter Movement, in the year 2017, shows that the belief that racism has disappeared, is false. Many Americans feel the need to fear police officers because they don t want them, or anyone they know to be harassed, hurt, or murdered based on the complexion of their skin. To them, racial profiling is just another way to allow police officers to attack the blackShow MoreRelated Racial Profiling is Wrong Essay2242 Words   |  9 PagesLiberties Union defines racial profilin g as â€Å"discriminatory practice by law enforcement officials of targeting individuals for suspicion of crime based on the individuals race, ethnicity, religion or national origin†. Race is â€Å" defined as referring to major biological divisions of people form the world† ( Kats and Walker. 390). While Ethnicity â€Å" refers to the culture differences, such as language, religion, family, and foodways†( 390). Using these definitions the range in which profiling a person or groupRead MoreRacial Profiling Is Wrong And Ineffective1845 Words   |  8 PagesRacial Profiling can be described as an individual being suspected of a crime solely on the grounds of their race or ethnicity. Racial Profiling goes against the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedom, and takes away an individual rights. Racial profiling is wrong and ineffective. It affects both the community and it misshapes the democracy of our country. Racial profiling is caused by stereotyping certain min ority groups. Racial profiling targets innocent people who are wrongfully accused becauseRead MoreEssay on Racial Profiling by Police is Wrong590 Words   |  3 PagesRacial Profiling compromises the very fabric that America is built on. With Constitutional laws that protect us as American citizens from any mistreatment or discrimination, Racial Profiling is still being practiced , and it violates our human rights, and causes distrust in the very police officers that are in charge of keeping our communities safe, and disbelief in the Constitution that should afford all American citizens equal rights. In the 1990’s The American news media exploded with coverageRead MoreRacial Profiling And Affirmative Action1638 Words   |  7 PagesWhen comparing racial profiling and affirmative action, some might think that the two terms are not the same; it is possible that some people think that racial profiling is considered wrong, and affirmative action is considered right. However, they are the same, and both are morally wrong, but for different reasons. Racial profiling is morally wrong because in most situations, it is usually used by law enforcement in apprehending a criminal. However, it usually targets someone because of their raceRead MoreHow Racial Profiling Led to the Death of Trayvon Martin821 Words   |  4 PagesRacial Profiling As I walk to the store to pick up snacks for the next half of the super bowl, I am trying to make it quick. I finally arrive at the store and quickly get my two favorite items, skittles and an ice tea. Thinking to myself that this is all I need, not knowing that it would be my last meal. On the walk back home, I have a feeling that I am being followed. I speed up. I turn around to find that a grown Hispanic man, mid-age, and heavily built is in fact, following me. In my head,Read MoreRacial Profiling902 Words   |  4 PagesRacial Profiling Racial Profiling is wrong, and stereotyping certain races as having a greater propensity to commit crimes should be prohibited. Ever since the terrorist attacks of September 11 there have been an increase in the willingness to condone law enforcement and security actions based primarily on the color of ones’ skin. Since the 9/11 terrorist attacks, it has been the official policy of the United States government to stop, interrogate, and detain individuals without criminal chargesRead More An Argument Against Racial Profiling Essay1129 Words   |  5 PagesI dont want to talk about whether or not racial profiling is legal. Racial profiling is not an effective law enforcement tool. -- Eric Holder, 82nd Attorney General of the United States Before any argument can be made against racial profiling, it is important to understand what racial profiling is. The American Civil Liberties Union, defines racial profiling as the discriminatory practice by law enforcement officials of targeting individuals for suspicion of crime based on the individualsRead MoreRacism : Racism Or Racial Profiling923 Words   |  4 Pagesaddress the impact of racism to individuals and our community, and also further will discuss the nature of racism. Racism or racial profiling is like a cancer that is growing deep in our society. It is more like it’s been passed on from generation to generation, and nothing absolutely has been done about it. Sometimes I do ask myself this question if racism or racial profiling can ever be completely wiped out from the face of the planet earth? Due to what I have observed from the media and friendsRead More Racial Profiling is Necessary1040 Words   |  5 Pagesunderstand racial profiling, it must first be correctly defined. Although different authors use different criteria for the term racial profiling, Merriam-Webster’s definition for the word racial is â€Å"of, relating to, or based on a race (Merriam-Webster, 2006; p.855).† The definition the dictionary puts forth for profiling is â€Å"the act of suspecting or targeting a person solely on the basis of observed characteristics or behavior (Merriam-Webster, 2006; p.830).† Based on these definitions, racial profilin gRead MorePersuasive Essay On Racial Profiling1488 Words   |  6 PagesRacial profiling existed back in the 18th century when black slaves were abused and oppressed by white men even those who didn’t own slaves. Throughout history, racial profiling still continues to be a controversial issue today. It’s practiced everyday. Racial profiling means using an individual’s race or ethnicity against them of committing a crime. This means oppressing other races to feel inferior and accusing others to a certain stereotype. Racial profiling is when a black person in ripped jeans

The And Public Image Of A Woman Speaking - 1326 Words

One of the words that may help to shine some light on to Paul’s intentions is ÃŽ ±Ã¡ ¼ °ÃÆ'χÏ Ã¡ ½ ¸ÃŽ ½. A word meaning â€Å"disgraceful, shameful, dishonest† or â€Å"filthy.† The idea that this is a matter of shame creates some justification for considering this to be a situational issue. It seems unlikely that there would be shame associated with a woman speaking in church in the twenty-first century. It would be far less likely to associate women preachers with being dishonest or filthy. This word may hint at the nature of appearances and public image that affects the church. The issue with this that it appears to contrast with Paul’s firm stand against conforming to society. Taking 1 Tim 2:11-12 as a distinct text allows the reader to dive into what it means to ÃŽ ´ÃŽ ¹ÃŽ ´ÃŽ ¬ÃÆ'ÃŽ ºÃŽ µÃŽ ¹ÃŽ ½. The issue with this word is not that the translation is teach, but that it is such a common word. As per Strong’s Concordance, the word o ccurs in some form over fifty times in the New Testament. One passage that may help bring some clarity to the application of this word is its use in reference to singing as â€Å"teaching and admonishing.† A man would be hard pressed to not see the difficulty in forbidding all teaching of men. She not only could not preach a lesson, but she would be forced to remain silent during the singing lest a man learn from her singing. Another shared problem is the meaning of á ½â€˜Ãâ‚¬ÃŽ ¿Ãâ€žÃŽ ±ÃŽ ³Ã¡ ¿â€¡ and á ½â€˜Ãâ‚¬ÃŽ ¿Ãâ€žÃŽ ±ÃÆ'ÏÆ'ÃŽ ­ÃÆ'ÃŽ ¸Ãâ€°ÃÆ'ÃŽ ±ÃŽ ½. They can be defined as â€Å"obedience, submission, subordination† and â€Å"put in subjection, subject,Show MoreRelatedEssay on Double-Consciousness in Audre Lorde’s Coal1641 Words   |  7 Pagescovered, muddled, unclear beneath the sheer outer shell of expectation. In her poem â€Å"Coal†, Audre Lorde alludes to this concept through the dual image of a piece of coal and a diamond. 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Primary Prostatic Mucosa Associate Lymphoid -Myassignmenthelp.Com

Question: Discuss About The Primary Prostatic Mucosa Associate Lymphoid? Answer: Introducation Emphsyema, a progressive disease of lung is caused by the innate respiratory dense mechanism of the lungs epithelial cell and mucociliary transport system after the foreign antigens infiltrate the lungs cells. The inflammatory immune cells transfer them to lymphatic tissue layer and the release of proteolytic enzymes leads to the destruction of the lungs epithelial barrier and the condition of emphysema (Goldklang Stockley, 2016). Heart rate and blood pressure are two vital signs that are affected by Mr. Browns emphysema. This occurs because the condition of emphysema results in inefficient oxygen diffusion and low oxygen content in blood. Hence, heart also suffers from lack of oxygen and compensates it by beating faster. Exacerbation of COPD results in hypertension because of airflow limitation in COPD patients (Imaizumi, Eguchi Kario, 2014). Angina pectoris, a clinical manifestation of myocardial infarction is caused by chemical and management stimulation of sensory nerve endings in the myocardium. During ischemia, the degradation of ATP to adenosine leads to the stimulation of receptors in cardiac afferent nerve ending and induces angina (Ford, Corcoran Berry, 2018). Myocardial infarction (MI) is the sudden death of myocardial tissue. The pathophysiology of the condition is linked to the thrombotic occlusion of coronary vessel caused due to rupture of plaque. It caused rapid depression of systolic function (Frangogiannis, 2015). Non-ST segment elevation myocardial infarction is one type of MI and it affects the arteries of the heart. Mr. Browns past AMI (Acute myocardial infarction) might have caused his CCF (congestive cardiac failure). This is said because heart failure complications increase in patients having AMI. It leads to acute structural complications of the heart muscle and diagnosis of CCF signifies acute alterations in left ventricular function of patient (Dharmarajan et al., 2015). Swelling of leg is a condition of accumulation of fluids in the tissue also called as edema. Mr. Browns swollen ankles and legs are related to CCF because CCF limits the ability of heart to pump blood efficiently. Hence, heart failure affect blood pumping ability of the heart and causes fluids to accumulate in different parts of the body. Benign Prostrate Hypermegaly (BPH) is a condition of enlarged prostrate in males. The prostate grows two times and the BPH results in the second growth phase. It weakens the bladder and its ability to completely empty the urinary bladder (Hashemzadeh et al., 2017). Pulmonary oedema (PO) is a clinical condition associated with accumulation of fluids in the lungs. As the condition affects a persons ability to gain oxygen, they start to struggle for breath. Hence, symptoms of running out of breath show signs of PO in patient. Nursing care plan for Mr. Brown: Care plan Patient problem One goal Course of action 1. To balance fluid intake of patient Shortness of breath, edema or swollen legs To maintain fluid balance in patient and decrease symptoms of edema Balance fluid intake in patient by means of diet changes and fluid restriction Evaluate and monitor urine output in patient 2. To manage ineffective breathing pattern in patient Shortness of breath To improve breathing rate and tissue oxygenation in patient Conduction work of breathing assessment in patient to identify severity of the issue Provide optimal body alignment to patient by placing him in semi-fowlers position 3. To help patient manage his self-care needs Activity intolerance and limited capacity for self-care in patient To help patients achieved desired activities to manage his self-care needs Provide assistance to patient in self-care activities Provide adequate exercise to patient to strengthen muscles and increase capacity for activity Allied health care workers include therapist, administrators and those staffs who supports the health care professionals in providing optimum care to patient. They provide direct care to patient and enhance the quality of life of patients (Demo et al., 2015). The person who can assist Mr. Brown after discharge includes: Nurses: The nurse can play a role is vital sign assessment of patient and providing medications on time. As Mr. Brown has symptoms of edema, she will play a role in monitoring urine output fluid intake schedule. She can also educate patients regarding the knowledge of the disease process and taking precautions in daily life. Physiotherapist: The physiotherapist can play a role in providing aerobic and resistance training to Mr. Brown. This will increase his mobility and endurance capacity (Knocke, 2012). The difference between TIA and stroke is that stroke is a permanent injury to the brain and TIA is a accounting blockage where blood flow interruption is for short time. The pathophysiology of stroke is linked to heart or blood vessel problem caused by inflammation, oxidative damage and ionic imbalances (Deb, Sharma Hassan, 2010). Fast is an acronym that helps to identify patients having strokes. The full form of FAST is: F- Facial drooping A- Arm weakness S- Speech problem T- Time to call emergency services By looking at vital observation of John, it can be said that his BP of 160/95 is a concern because this means that he is hypertensive and the condition of hypertension may further increase the chances of stroke in patients. High blood pressure is likely to damage the arteries and increase chances of stroke. Appropriate pharmacological intervention related to hypertension will be necessary then to prevent complications in patient (Appiah, Minhas Robinson, 2018). Anxiety, irregular heartbeat, rapid breathing and chest pain might be the few signs and symptoms that John might have experiences when he was diagnosed with pulmonary embolism. Dyspnea- Dyspnea is a condition of difficult breath or shortness of breath caused due to several health issues as well as due to intense exercise. Tachycardia- It is a condition of abnormally high heart rate caused due to heart related conditions like hypertension and coronary heart diseases. Haemoptysis- It is a condition leading to coughing up blood from the lungs because of bleeding within the lungs. Diaphoresis- It is a clinical condition associated with excessive sweating in a person caused due to presence of several medical conditions. Asthma is caused by the pathophysiological mechanism of airway inflammation, intermittent airflow obstruction and bronchial hyper-responsiveness. Airway inflammation is seen because of stimulation of airway smooth muscle in response to exogenous and endogenous stimuli (Sullivan et al., 2016). If John had an asthma attack, I would place him in supine position to prevent asthma symptoms as it relieves difficulty in breathing and shortness of breath (Kalolella, 2016). (Refer to the discussion section of this reference which shows that supine sleep position relieves breathing and shortness of breath in patients with asthma symptoms ) The heart rate and respiratory of John would have increased if he had an asthma attack. This is because it is caused by chronic inflammation of respiratory tubes and intermittent airflow obstruction. Such conditions increase airflow limitations thus leading to symptoms of high heart and respiratory rate. John would require the following staffs for rehabilitation following stroke: Nurse: The nurse can play a role in supporting John in activities of daily living and maintaining the continuum of care. Therapist: Therapist can help John to perform daily and demanding task like bathing, toileting and dressing. They can also provide specific training to improve the Reference: Imaizumi, Y., Eguchi, K., Kario, K. (2014). Lung Disease and Hypertension.Pulse,2(1-4), 103112. https://doi.org/10.1159/000381684 Appiah, K. O., Minhas, J. S., Robinson, T. G. (2018). Managing high blood pressure during acute ischemic stroke and intracerebral hemorrhage.Current opinion in neurology,31(1), 8-13. Deb, P., Sharma, S., Hassan, K. M. (2010). Pathophysiologic mechanisms of acute ischemic stroke: An overview with emphasis on therapeutic significance beyond thrombolysis.Pathophysiology,17(3), 197-218. Demo, D. H., Fry, D., Devine, N., Butler, A. (2015). A call for action: advocating for increased funding for the allied health professions ASAHP Leadership Development Program.Journal of allied health,44(1), 57-62. Dharmarajan, K., Hsieh, A. F., Kulkarni, V. T., Lin, Z., Ross, J. S., Horwitz, L. I., ... Krumholz, H. M. (2015). Trajectories of risk after hospitalization for heart failure, acute myocardial infarction, or pneumonia: retrospective cohort study.bmj,350, h411. Ford, T. J., Corcoran, D., Berry, C. (2018). Stable coronary syndromes: psychology, diagnostic advances and therapeutic need.Heart,104(4), 284-292. Frangogiannis, N. G. (2015). Pathophysiology of myocardial infarction.Comprehensive Physiology. Goldklang, M., Stockley, R. (2016). Pathophysiology of Emphysema and Implications.Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Diseases,3(1), 454. Hashemzadeh, S., Farrokhi, F., Hozhabrossadaty, A., Ghafarzadegan, K., Ashraf, H. (2017). A case of recurrent hematuria in primary prostatic low grade mucosa associated lymphoid tissue.Journal of nephropathology,6(2), 49. Hsieh, C. H., Putman, K., Nichols, D., McGinty, M. E., DeJong, G., Smout, R. J., Horn, S. (2010). Physical and occupational therapy in inpatient stroke rehabilitation: The contribution of therapy extenders.American journal of physical medicine rehabilitation,89(11), 887-898. Kalolella, A. B. (2016). Sleeping position and reported night-time asthma symptoms and medication.The Pan African medical journal,24. Knocke, A. (2012). Program description: physical therapy in a heart failure clinic.Cardiopulmonary physical therapy journal,23(3), 46. Sullivan, A., Hunt, E., MacSharry, J., Murphy, D. M. (2016). The microbiome and the pathophysiology of asthma.Respiratory research,17(1), 163